The reason why women reported very little help from physicians is unclear. In our study, Maisles MJ, Giffor K. Low social class was not associated with an increased risk of severe hyperbilirubinemia. There is controversy as to whether breastfeeding increases the incidence of jaundice in the first few days of life. The pooled data of three studies from Pakistan [ 22 ], Nepal [ 25 ] and India [ 33 ] that examined ABO incompatibility showed an increased risk of severe hyperbilirubinemia OR, 4. How to cite this URL:

Risk factors and sib correlation in physiological neonatal jaundice. Age at breastfeeding discontinuation and formula introduction was compared among four factors believed to influence these outcomes using a nonparametric approach Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. We examined the risk factors for severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia inclusive of ABE and kernicterus. Maisles MJ, Giffor K. Statistical analyses were performed using the Comprehensive Meta-analysis software Version 2.

PLoS Med 6 6: Fifteen percent of infants received PT. We reviewed the reference lists of retrieved articles as well as relevant systematic reviews. Breastfeeding, Hyperbilirubinemia, Infants, Jaundice.

J Clin Neonatol ;5: Davenport RD, Transfusion medicine In: We could not explore the funnel plot symmetry because of the small number hyeprbilirubinemia studies. When an infant is hospitalized, previously established patterns of breastfeeding are difficult to maintain Comparison between total serum bilirubin among studied groups Click here to view.

Phototherapy convert bilirubin to water soluble isomers not able to neonwtal BBB. Given the nature of the study, the authors could not determine what kind of education, if any, mothers received with regard to breastfeeding and jaundice.


The pooled data showed infants who were underweight or with weight loss on admission were at increased risk of severe hyperbilirubinemia OR, 6. The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Breastfeeding continues to increase into the new millennium. The newborn infant, common problems in the term newborn, neonatal jaundice.

Current Diagnosis and Treatment in Pediatrics. Maternal age, Ethnicity, Marital status, Parity Education, Social class, House ownership and type, Antenatal care, Gestational age, Attendants at birth, Mode of delivery, Cord cutting, Delayed cry at birth, Hospitalization in the first 28 days.

Table of Contents Chapter I: Our study utilized data on infants born at two metro Atlanta hospitals over a two-year period to determine if infants receiving PT had increased lengths of stay LOS. As mentioned above, there may also have been selection bias, with more educated women being more likely to participate in the study.

The impact of jaundice in newborn infants on the length of breastfeeding

Disagreements were resolved by consensus after reassessment or by adjudication of the third author TMS. Quantitative synthesis All the 13 studies were included in the meta-analysis.

The pooled data indicated that infants born to primiparous mothers were at increased risk of severe hyperbilirubinemia OR, 1.

thesis on neonatal hyperbilirubinemia

A possible hypothesis for these surprising results is the very high level of education of the neomatal enrolled in the study. Lactation and a reduced risk of premenopausal breast cancer.


thesis on neonatal hyperbilirubinemia

Discrepancies were resolved by discussion in relation to the study objectives. We restricted our analysis to infants with a complete neonatal record, and a hospital stay fewer than 16 days. S5 Fig Forest plot of Rhesus disease and neonata, of severe hyperbilirubinemia.

The impact of jaundice in newborn infants on the length of breastfeeding

Why do women stop breastfeeding? However, the absence of evidence is not necessarily evidence of absence of the significance of the excluded risk factors [ 48 ]. Am Fam Physician ; A total of mother-patient pairs were included in the study. Six of the studies were cross-sectional, five were cohort studies and two were case-control studies, all published between neonatxl Abstract Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and neonatal jaundice are two of the most common neonatal outcomes.

Conclusions Despite the limitation of the few countries and studies covered, this systematic review has shown that a range of maternal and neonatal factors that can be effectively addressed at all levels of health care delivery by available interventions continue to place infants in LMICs at increased risk of severe hyperbilirubinemia. Data extracted from each retrieved article included: