Subscribe to our feed Subscribe by e-mail. The Winged Monkeys, the unwilling minions of the Witch of the West, add a further dimension to the Oz allegory. Populism and the World of Oz. Dorothy tells him to wake up! What wonder that a fiery rage still burned within his breast and that he should seek every opportunity of obtaining vengeance upon his natural enemies. Views Read Edit View history.

Retrieved from ” https: A number of analogies are admittedly subject to more than one interpretation, and I make no claim that Baum himself intended each one. In a article, [5] educator and historian Henry Littlefield outlined an allegory in the book of the late 19th-century debate regarding monetary policy. There was no Wizard…the people had the power all along…that is what America is all about. Race to the Museum. Fantastic fairytale Populist parable? Littlefield’s knowledge of the s was thin, and he made numerous errors, but since his article was published, scholars in history, [8] political science, [1] and economics [7] have asserted that the images and characters used by Baum closely resemble political images that were well known in the s.

The Winged Monkeys, the unwilling minions of the Witch of the West, add a further dimension to the Oz allegory. On the journey to find Glinda, the good Witch of the South, Dorothy and company pass through Dainty China Country, which they enter by climbing over a high white wall.

Where the Populists looked to the federal government, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz delivers the message that the wizard’s power is all an illusion and it is misguided to look to him for solutions. Most Populists believed that their most important proposed economic reform was the SubTreasury Plan. Baum, in fact, is suggesting the opposite: In an ingenuous act of imaginative scholarship, Henry M.


Moreover, gold and silver are often portrayed as working in combination. Under pressure from the authorities in California, Congress passed the Pz Actwhich banned Chinese immigration for twenty years.

Populism and the World of Oz | National Museum of American History

Not respected, not even by the crows. Curator Peter Liebhold takes a trip to the children’s section of the library for inspiration in understanding the economic factors that promote populism. Politicians are also infamous for failing to keep promises, and the great Oz is no different.

Look to yourselves for the solution. Did Baum intend to pen a subtle political satire sizard monetary reform or merely an entertaining fantasy?

littlefield thesis wizard of oz

Incorporating the analogies developed by Littlefield and others, and adding a few of his own, Rockoff provided a detailed and littlefiedl analysis of the political and economic issues symbolically refracted in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. The Bryan nomination created a split in the Democratic Party, as gold-standard delegates bolted the convention. From Greek Myth to Computer Chips. Each lost appendage was replaced with tin until the Littledield was made entirely of metal.

littlefield thesis wizard of oz

The Populists believed that the gold standard, like the yellow brick road, had many pitfalls for ordinary people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. As editor of a oittlefield newspaper in Aberdeen, South Dakota, Baum had written on politics and current events in the late s and early s, a period that coincided with the formation of the Populist Party. Less courageous, however, were his final decision to vote for annexation albeit as a tactical move and his failure wizrd fight vigorously for free silver in the election ofboth of which disappointed Populists.

Journal of Economic Education. Auth with social network: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a deliberate work of political symbolism. As it turns out, the Wizard hails from Omaha, where thess became a talented ventriloquist and later a circus balloonist. Had not McKinley prompted by the wealthy industrialist Mark Hanna made the gold standard the centerpiece of his campaign against Bryan and free silver?


littlefield thesis wizard of oz

Scholars have examined four quite different versions of Oz: Download ppt “The Wizard of Oz: Then as now, green was the color of paper money. InHenry Littlefield published a thesis asserting that the story was an allegory for the politics of the s, especially the debate over gold and silver coinage.

Populism and the World of Oz

She learns of her power in the end of the story. When Dorothy is taken to the Emerald Palace before her audience with the Wizard she is led through seven passages and up three flights of stairs, a subtle reference to the Coinage Act of which started the class conflict in America. Dorothy tells him to wake up!

In the book and the play the shoes are silver, not ruby as they were famously depicted in the film. Populism is triumphant, the goal of gaining political power is achieved. Prejudiced notion that farmers were ignorant and not smart enough to recognize their own interests and felt too intimidated to enter the realm of politics.